The EMP Commission was established by a Republican-led Congress in 2001, and reauthorized by a Democratic-led Congress in 2006. All Commissioners were appointed on a bi-partisan basis. Furthermore, members of the intelligence community, all security agencies, and the military community reviewed the Commission’s work. Both Congressional Commissions determined that the man-made EMP threat is a clear and present danger to the United States.
The Commission, which terminated in 2008, produced a plan that could, within 3-5 years and at modest cost, protect U.S critical infrastructures and the American people from a nuclear or natural EMP catastrophe, and would also mitigate the full spectrum of threats to the critical infrastructures– including from cyber attack, sabotage, and common natural disasters like hurricanes.